Cloud forensics is different than digital forensics because of the architectural implementation of the cloud. In an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) cloud model. Virtual Machines (VM) deployed over the cloud can be used by adversaries to carry out a cyber-attack using the cloud as an environment.

Instructions: 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

About the dataset
The dataset generated is a KVM monitoring dataset however we proposed a novel feature-set. The methodology used to generate these novel features are under publication and will be updated once the research article is published. This is one portion of the dataset. where the features can be used to train ML models for evidence detection.  

The second portion of the dataset is published under the standard dataset of IEEE Dataport under the name of Memory Dumps of Virtual Machines for Cloud Forensics.  

How to use
These two datasets can be used together as they are the outcome of the same experiment. Memory dumps have timestamp and VMID, UUID features. 
or 
This Dataset can be used to study the impact of an attack (origin) on the Rate of Resource utilization of a VM monitored at the hypervisor.

 

Sr No

Category

Feature

Description

1

Meta-data

LAST_POLL

epoch timestamp

2

VMID

The ID of the VM

3

UUID

unique identifier of the domain

4

dom

domain name

5

Network

rxbytes_slope

Rate of received bytes from the network

6

rxpackets_slope

Rate of received packets from the network

7

rxerrors_slope

Rate of the number of receive errors from the network

8

rxdrops_slope

Rate of the number of received packets dropped from the network

9

txbytes_slope

Rate of transmitted bytes from the network

10

txpackets_slope

Rate of transmitted packets from the network

11

txerrors_slope

Rate of the number of transmission errors from the network

12

txdrops_slope

Rate of the number of transmitted packets dropped from the network

13

Memory

timecpu_slope

Rate of time spent by vCPU threads executing guest code

14

timesys_slope

Rate of time spent in kernel space

15

timeusr_slope

Rate of time spent in userspace

16

state_slope

Rate of running state

17

memmax_slope

Rate of maximum memory in kilobytes

18

mem_slope

Rate of memory used in kilobytes

19

cpus_slope

Rate of the number of virtual CPUs chaged

20

cputime_slope

Rate of CPU time used in nanoseconds

21

memactual_slope

Rate of Current balloon value (in KiB)

22

memswap_in_slope

Rate of The amount of data read from swap space (in KiB)

23

memswap_out_slope

Rate of The amount of memory written out to swap space (in KiB)

24

memmajor_fault_slope

Rate of The number of page faults where disk IO was required

25

memminor_fault_slope

Rate of The number of other page faults

26

memunused_slope

Rate of The amount of memory left unused by the system (in KiB)

27

memavailable_slope

Rate of The amount of usable memory as seen by the domain (in KiB)

28

memusable_slope

Rate of The amount of memory that can be reclaimed by balloon without causing host swapping (in KiB)

29

memlast_update_slope

Rate of The timestamp of the last update of statistics (in seconds)

30

memdisk_cache_slope

Rate of The amount of memory that can be reclaimed without additional I/O, typically disk caches (in KiB)

31

memhugetlb_pgalloc_slope

Rate of The number of successful huge page allocations initiated from within the domain

32

memhugetlb_pgfail_slope

Rate of The number of failed huge page allocations initiated from within the domain

33

memrss_slope

Rate of Resident Set Size of the running domain's process (in KiB)

34

Disk

vdard_req_slope

Rate of the number of reading requests on the vda block device

35

vdard_bytes_slope

Rate of the number of reading bytes on the vda block device

36

vdawr_reqs_slope

Rate of the number of write requests on the vda block device

37

vdawr_bytes_slope

Rate of the number of write requests on vda  the block device

38

vdaerror_slope

Rate of the number of errors in the vda block device

39

hdard_req_slope

Rate of the number of read requests on the hda block device

40

hdard_bytes_slope

Rate of the number of read bytes on the had block device

41

hdawr_reqs_slope

Rate of the number of write requests on the hda block device

42

hdawr_bytes_slope

Rate of the number of write bytes on the hda  block device

43

hdaerror_slope

Rate of the number of errors in the hda block device

44

TARGET

Status

Attack/Normal

 

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165 Views

Penetration testing plays an important role in securing websites. However, you need the right tools to run efficient tests. Penetration testing tools have different functions, pentest methodologies, features, and price ranges. It might be difficult to choose the ones most suitable for your organization. This post will briefly describe some of the finest penetration testing tools.

 

 

 

 

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71 Views

We elaborate on the dataset collected from our testbed developed at Washington University in St. Louis, to perform real-world IIoT operations, carrying out attacks that are more prelevant against IIoT systems. This dataset is to be utilized in the research of AI/ML based security solutions to tackle the intrusion problem.

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248 Views

This dataset is extracted from GitHub and contains 172,919 java source codes written by 3,128 authors. It can be used for authorship attribution.

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151 Views

This dataset was produced as a part of my PhD research on Android malware detection using Multimodal Deep Learning. It contains raw data (DEX grayscale images), static analysis data (Android Intents & Permissions), and dynamic analysis data (system call sequences). For the conference research paper, please refer to https://sbic.org.br/eventos/cbic_2021/cbic2021-32/

Citations:

Instructions: 

* FEATURES *

Field Name Field Type Input Domain
SHA256 String 32 bytes
DEX_PIXEL_0, ..., DEX_PIXEL_16383 Integer {0, 1, ..., 255}
INTENT_0, ..., INTENT_99 Integer {0, 1}
PERMISSION_0, ..., PERMISSION_99 Integer {0, 1}
SYSCALL_0, ..., SYSCALL_399 Integer {0, 1, ..., 123}
CLASS Integer {0 = Goodware, 1 = Malware}

intents = ['android.intent.action.main', 'android.intent.action.boot_completed', 'android.intent.action.view', 'android.intent.action.user_present', 'android.intent.action.package_added', 'android.intent.action.package_removed', 'android.intent.action.phone_state', 'android.intent.action.search', 'android.intent.action.package_replaced', 'android.intent.action.create_shortcut', 'android.intent.action.new_outgoing_call', 'android.intent.action.action_power_connected', 'android.intent.action.action_power_disconnected', 'android.intent.action.quickboot_poweron', 'android.intent.action.send', 'android.intent.action.data_sms_received', 'android.intent.action.media_mounted', 'android.intent.action.download_complete', 'android.intent.action.screen_on', 'android.intent.action.media_button', 'android.intent.action.action_shutdown', 'android.intent.action.media_eject', 'android.intent.action.media_unmounted', 'android.intent.action.sim_state_changed', 'android.intent.action.any_data_state', 'android.intent.action.battery_changed', 'android.intent.action.download_notification_clicked', 'android.intent.action.package_install', 'android.intent.action.media_removed', 'android.intent.action.delete', 'android.intent.action.time_set', 'android.intent.action.service_state', 'android.intent.action.media_checking', 'android.intent.action.sendto', 'android.intent.action.timezone_changed', 'android.intent.action.screen_off', 'android.intent.action.date_changed', 'android.intent.action.pick', 'android.intent.action.package_restarted', 'android.intent.action.send_multiple', 'android.intent.action.my_package_replaced', 'android.intent.action.get_content', 'android.intent.action.notification_add', 'android.intent.action.notification_remove', 'android.intent.action.notification_update', 'android.intent.action.battery_low', 'android.intent.action.respond_via_message', 'android.intent.action.set_wallpaper', 'android.intent.action.edit', 'android.intent.action.battery_okay', 'android.intent.action.airplane_mode', 'android.intent.action.locale_changed', 'android.intent.action.package_changed', 'android.intent.action.headset_plug', 'android.intent.action.sig_str', 'android.intent.action.action_external_applications_available', 'android.intent.action.action_date_changed', 'android.intent.action.action_time_changed', 'android.intent.action.action_media_eject', 'android.intent.action.action_package_added', 'android.intent.action.action_timezone_changed', 'android.intent.action.time_tick', 'android.intent.action.action_view_downloads', 'android.intent.action.close_system_dialogs', 'android.intent.action.web_search', 'android.intent.action.chinamobile_oms_game', 'android.intent.action.reboot', 'android.intent.action.dial', 'android.intent.action.media_scanner_finished', 'android.intent.action.action_package_changed', 'android.intent.action.package_data_cleared', 'android.intent.action.media_search', 'android.intent.action.assist', 'android.intent.action.call', 'android.intent.action.call_button', 'android.intent.action.wallpaper_changed', 'android.intent.action.quickboot_poweroff', 'android.intent.action.close_system_alarm', 'android.intent.action.insert', 'android.intent.action.media_bad_removal', 'android.intent.action.search_long_press', 'android.intent.action.default', 'android.intent.action.music_player', 'android.intent.action.ums_connected', 'android.intent.action.external_applications_available', 'android.intent.action.media_shared', 'android.intent.action.call_privileged', 'android.intent.action.run', 'android.intent.action.camsnap', 'android.intent.action.device_storage_low', 'android.intent.action.manage_network_usage', 'android.intent.action.videocap', 'android.intent.action.camera_button', 'android.intent.action.package_fully_removed', 'android.intent.action.proxy_change', 'android.intent.action.plug_in_airing', 'android.intent.action.set_alarm', 'android.intent.action.device_storage_ok', 'android.intent.action.media_scanner_started', 'android.intent.action.ringtone_picker']

permissions = ['android.permission.internet', 'android.permission.access_network_state', 'android.permission.write_external_storage', 'android.permission.read_phone_state', 'android.permission.access_wifi_state', 'android.permission.wake_lock', 'android.permission.access_coarse_location', 'android.permission.vibrate', 'android.permission.access_fine_location', 'android.permission.receive_boot_completed', 'android.permission.get_tasks', 'android.permission.get_accounts', 'android.permission.system_alert_window', 'android.permission.read_external_storage', 'android.permission.change_wifi_state', 'android.permission.send_sms', 'android.permission.camera', 'android.permission.write_settings', 'android.permission.mount_unmount_filesystems', 'android.permission.receive_sms', 'android.permission.call_phone', 'android.permission.read_sms', 'android.permission.read_contacts', 'android.permission.record_audio', 'android.permission.read_logs', 'android.permission.change_network_state', 'android.permission.restart_packages', 'android.permission.disable_keyguard', 'android.permission.modify_audio_settings', 'android.permission.write_sms', 'android.permission.access_location_extra_commands', 'android.permission.bluetooth', 'android.permission.use_credentials', 'android.permission.set_wallpaper', 'android.permission.flashlight', 'android.permission.broadcast_sticky', 'android.permission.write_contacts', 'android.permission.process_outgoing_calls', 'android.permission.kill_background_processes', 'android.permission.bluetooth_admin', 'android.permission.manage_accounts', 'android.permission.receive_user_present', 'android.permission.change_configuration', 'android.permission.install_packages', 'android.permission.access_mock_location', 'android.permission.download_without_notification', 'android.permission.write_apn_settings', 'android.permission.read_call_log', 'android.permission.receive_mms', 'android.permission.access_gps', 'android.permission.read_calendar', 'android.permission.access_download_manager', 'android.permission.authenticate_accounts', 'android.permission.baidu_location_service', 'android.permission.write_calendar', 'android.permission.system_overlay_window', 'android.permission.battery_stats', 'android.permission.delete_packages', 'android.permission.modify_phone_state', 'android.permission.get_package_size', 'android.permission.clear_app_cache', 'android.permission.receive_wap_push', 'android.permission.write_call_log', 'android.permission.write_secure_settings', 'android.permission.access_coarse_updates', 'android.permission.record_video', 'android.permission.interact_across_users_full', 'android.permission.read_settings', 'android.permission.read_profile', 'android.permission.set_wallpaper_hints', 'android.permission.expand_status_bar', 'android.permission.call_privileged', 'android.permission.change_component_enabled_state', 'android.permission.device_power', 'android.permission.write_sync_settings', 'android.permission.reorder_tasks', 'android.permission.read_sync_settings', 'android.permission.nfc', 'android.permission.change_wifi_multicast_state', 'android.permission.write_owner_data', 'android.permission.set_debug_app', 'android.permission.broadcast_sms', 'android.permission.package_usage_stats', 'android.permission.write_internal_storage', 'android.permission.broadcast_package_added', 'android.permission.broadcast_package_replaced', 'android.permission.broadcast_package_install', 'android.permission.access_location', 'android.permission.broadcast_package_changed', 'android.permission.access_mtk_mmhw', 'android.permission.read_owner_data', 'android.permission.manage_documents', 'android.permission.access_superuser', 'android.permission.write_media_storage', 'android.permission.update_device_stats', 'android.permission.access_assisted_gps', 'android.permission.read_sync_stats', 'android.permission.raised_thread_priority', 'android.permission.persistent_activity', 'android.permission.mout_unmount_filesystems']

syscalls = ['UNK', 'accept', 'access', 'bind', 'brk', 'cacheflush', 'capset', 'chdir', 'chmod', 'clock_gettime', 'clone', 'close', 'connect', 'dup', 'dup2', 'epoll_create', 'epoll_ctl', 'epoll_wait', 'execve', 'exit', 'exit_group', 'fchmod', 'fchown32', 'fcntl', 'fcntl64', 'fdatasync', 'fgetxattr', 'flock', 'fork', 'fsetxattr', 'fstat64', 'fsync', 'ftruncate', 'ftruncate64', 'futex', 'getcwd', 'getdents64', 'getegid32', 'geteuid32', 'getgid32', 'getgroups32', 'getpgid', 'getpid', 'getppid', 'getpriority', 'getresgid32', 'getresuid32', 'getrlimit', 'getsockname', 'getsockopt', 'gettid', 'gettimeofday', 'getuid32', 'inotify_add_watch', 'inotify_init', 'inotify_rm_watch', 'ioctl', 'kill', 'listen', 'lseek', 'lstat64', 'madvise', 'mkdir', 'mmap2', 'mprotect', 'mremap', 'msync', 'munmap', 'nanosleep', 'open', 'pciconfig_iobase', 'personality', 'pipe', 'poll', 'prctl', 'pread', 'ptrace', 'pwrite', 'read', 'readlink', 'recvfrom', 'recvmsg', 'rename', 'restart_syscall', 'rmdir', 'rt_sigreturn', 'rt_sigtimedwait', 'sched_getparam', 'sched_getscheduler', 'sched_yield', 'select', 'sendmsg', 'sendto', 'set_tls', 'setgid32', 'setgroups32', 'setitimer', 'setpgid', 'setpriority', 'setresuid32', 'setrlimit', 'setsid', 'setsockopt', 'setuid32', 'shutdown', 'sigaction', 'sigprocmask', 'sigreturn', 'socket', 'socketpair', 'stat64', 'statfs', 'statfs64', 'tgkill', 'timerfd', 'timerfd_settime', 'umask', 'uname', 'unlink', 'utimes', 'vfork', 'wait4', 'write', 'writev']

* ACKNOWLEDGMENTS *

We would like to thank Universidade Nove de Julho and the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) for supporting this research.

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320 Views

The dataset consists of samples of DDoS attacks. The samples were generated either by dedicated tools such as Loic, Hulk, Thorshammer, or combined from publicly available source such as from DDoS Evaluation Dataset (CIC-DDoS2019).

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191 Views

The "eternal war in cache" has reached browsers, with multiple cache-based side-channel attacks and countermeasures being suggested. A common approach for countermeasures is to disable or restrict JavaScript features deemed essential for carrying out attacks.

Instructions: 

TBD

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30 Views

The security testing focuses on evaluating the security of the web, mobile, networks, API, SaaS, blockchain & cloud applications by methodically validating & verifying the effectiveness of security controls. The process involves an active analysis of any application for any available weaknesses, technical flaws, or vulnerabilities.

 

The security audit scope of work will include:

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44 Views

What is a Blockchain?

Merriam-Webster dictionary defines blockchain as,

A digital database containing information (such as records of financial transactions) that can be simultaneously used and shared within a large decentralized, publicly accessible network.

 

6 Types of Attacks on Blockchain

1. 51% Attacks (Sybil Attacks)

2. Double Spending Attacks

3. Routing Attacks

4. Private Key Security Attacks

5. Selfish Mining Attacks

6. Vulnerable Smart Contacts

 

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182 Views

The time-to-market pressure and the continuous growing complexity of hardware designs have promoted the globalization of the Integrated Circuit (IC) supply chain. However, such globalization also poses various security threats in each phase of the IC supply chain. Although the advancements of Machine Learning (ML) have pushed the frontier of hardware security, most conventional ML-based methods can only achieve the desired performance by manually finding a robust feature representation for circuits that are non-Euclidean data. As a result, modeling these circuits using graph learning to imp

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152 Views

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