Data Fusion Contest 2016 (DFC2016)

Citation Author(s):
Wageningen University and Research
University of Genoa
Le Saux
Submitted by:
Bertrand Le Saux
Last updated:
Fri, 10/25/2019 - 11:22
Data Format:
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The Data Fusion Contest 2016: Goals and Organization

The 2016 IEEE GRSS Data Fusion Contest, organized by the IEEE GRSS Image Analysis and Data Fusion Technical Committee, aimed at promoting progress on fusion and analysis methodologies for multisource remote sensing data.

New multi-source, multi-temporal data including Very High Resolution (VHR) multi-temporal imagery and video from space were released. First, VHR images (DEIMOS-2 standard products) acquired at two different dates, before and after orthorectification:

  •     Panchromatic data at 1 m spatial resolution point spacing

  •     Multispectral data at 4 m spatial resolution point spacing

 Second a video from in-orbit camera:

  •     High-Definition Video acquired from the International Space Station (ISS), at 1-m spatial resolution

The Data

The imaging data were acquired on March, 31, and May, 30, 2015, over Vancouver, Canada (49°15’N 123°6’W), from the DEIMOS-2 satellite. DEIMOS-2 operates from a Sun-synchronous orbit at a mean altitude of 620km. The spacecraft design is based on an agile platform for fast and precise off-nadir imaging (up to +/-30° over nominal scenarios and up to +/-45° in emergency cases), and carries a push-broom very high resolution camera with 5 spectral channels (1 panchromatic, 4 multispectral with red, green, blue and NIR bands).

For each date, four images are provided: panchromatic images at 1 m resolution and multispectral product (R, G, B, NIR) at 4 m resolution, both at levels 1B (a calibrated and radiometrically corrected product, not resampled; with the geometric information contained in a RPC separated file) and 1C (a calibrated and radiometrically corrected product, manually orthorectified and resampled to a map grid; the geometric information is contained in the GeoTIFF tags.) Level 1C images cover exactly the same ground area for both dates.

The full colour, UHD video was acquired over Vancouver on July, 2nd, 2015. The High-Resolution camera, Iris, is installed on the Zvezda module of the International Space Station (ISS). Iris uses a CMOS detector to capture RGB videos with a Ground Sample Distance as fine as 1-meter, at 3 frames per second. Iris videos use image frames that have been fully ortho-rectified and resampled to 1-meter. Frame format is 3840×2160 pixels and cover approximately 3.8km × 2.1km.

Results, Awards, and Prizes

2016 IEEE GRSS Data Fusion Contest Results


The Contest is being organized in collaboration with Deimos Imaging and UrtheCast. The IADF TC wishes to express its greatest appreciation to Deimos Imaging and UrtheCast, for acquiring and providing the data used in the competition and for indispensable contribution to the organization of the Contest, and to the IEEE GRSS for continuously supporting the annual Data Fusion Contest through funding and resources.

How to Get the Data

The data were provided for the purpose of participation in the 2016 Data Fusion Contest, however they remain available to the community for futher research purposes. To request the data set, please click here to proceed to registration.

By submitting the registration form, participants acknowledge that they have read the following Contest Terms and Conditions, and that they agree to these terms and conditions:

  •     The owner of the data and of the copyright on the data is Deimos Imaging, Spain.

  •     The data are only available for the scientific purposes of the 2016 IEEE GRSS Data Fusion Contest.

  •     Any dissemination or distribution of the data by any registered user is strictly forbidden.

  •     The data can be used in scientific publications subject to approval by the IEEE GRSS Image Analysis and Data Fusion Technical Committee and by the data owner on a case-by-case basis. To submit a scientific publication for approval, the publication shall be sent as an attachment to an e-mail addressed to and

  •     Any scientific publication using the data shall include a section “Acknowledgement”. This section shall include the following sentence: “The authors would like to thank Deimos Imaging for acquiring and providing the data used in this study, and the IEEE GRSS Image Analysis and Data Fusion Technical Committee.”

  •     In any scientific publication using the data, the data shall be identified as “grss_dfc_2016” and shall be referenced as follows: “[REF. NO.] 2016 IEEE GRSS Data Fusion Contest. Online:”.

  •     The following Open-Access article which summarized the outcomes of the 2016 Data Fusion Contest should be cited:

author={L. {Mou} and X. {Zhu} and M. {Vakalopoulou} and K. {Karantzalos} and N. {Paragios} and B. {Le Saux} and G. {Moser} and D. {Tuia}},
journal={IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing},
title={Multitemporal Very High Resolution From Space: Outcome of the 2016 IEEE GRSS Data Fusion Contest},






After unzip, each directory contains:

  • original GeoTiff for panchromatic (VHR) and multispectral (4bands) images,

  • quick-view image for both in png format,

  • capture parameters (RPC file).