Climate

ERA5 derived time series of European country-aggregate electricity demand, wind power generation and solar power generation: hourly data from 1979-2019.  The ERA5 reanalysis data (1979-2019) has been used to calculate the hourly country aggregated wind and solar power generation for 28 European countries based on a distribution of wind and solar farms which is considered to be representative of the 2017 situation. In addition a corresponding daily time series of nationally aggregated electricity demand is provided.

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The temporal variability in calving front positions of marine-terminating glaciers permits inference on the frontal ablation. Frontal ablation, the sum of the calving rate and the melt rate at the terminus, significantly contributes to the mass balance of glaciers. Therefore, the glacier area has been declared as an Essential Climate Variable product by the World Meteorological Organization. The presented dataset provides the necessary information for training deep learning techniques to automate the process of calving front delineation.

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In the wake of marine oil exploration and transportation, the accidents of oil spills have occurred
frequently around the world, which leads to the severe pollution of the marine environment and the
huge damage of coastal species [1–6]. On April 20, 2010, the explosion of Deepwater Horizon oil
drilling platform led to a severe leakage. Million barrels of oil polluted the Gulf of Mexico with the
area of about 10,000 square kilometers [7, 8]. Due to this accident, the marine ecosystems, such as fish

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urrently, a significant amount of research is focused on detecting Marine Debris and assessing its spectral behaviour via remote sensing, ultimately aiming at new operational monitoring solutions. Here, we introduce a Marine Debris Archive (MARIDA), as a benchmark dataset for developing and evaluating Machine Learning (ML) algorithms capable of detecting Marine Debris.

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Social Media Big Dataset for Research, Analytics, Prediction, and Understanding the Global Climate Change Trends is focused on understanding the climate science, trends, and public awareness of climate change. The use of dataset for analytics of climate change trends greatly helps in researching and comprehending global climate change trends.

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