Ultrasound echo

Minimally-Invasive Surgeries can benefit from having miniaturized sensors on surgical graspers to provide additional information to the surgeons. One such potential sensor is an ultrasound transducer. At long travel distances, the ultrasound transducer can accurately measure its ultrasound wave's time of flight, and from it, classify the grasped tissue. However, the ultrasound transducer has a ringing artifact arising from the decaying oscillation of its piezo element, and at short travel distances, the artifact blends with the acoustic echo.

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Transcranial Doppler (TCD) echo data was recorded from healthy adults and neurocritical care adult patients. The insonated cerebral vessels were the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and the internal carotid artery (ICA). The ultrasound system used in this study was the Philips CX50.

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