Collecting and analysing heterogeneous data sources from the Internet of Things (IoT) and Industrial IoT (IIoT) are essential for training and validating the fidelity of cybersecurity applications-based machine learning.  However, the analysis of those data sources is still a big challenge for reducing high dimensional space and selecting important features and observations from different data sources.

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One of the major research challenges in this field is the unavailability of a comprehensive network based data set which can reflect modern network traffic scenarios, vast varieties of low footprint intrusions and depth structured information about the network traffic. Evaluating network intrusion detection systems research efforts, KDD98, KDDCUP99 and NSLKDD benchmark data sets were generated a decade ago. However, numerous current studies showed that for the current network threat environment, these data sets do not inclusively reflect network traffic and modern low footprint attacks.

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