Responsible Software Systems with Emotional Intelligence

Submission Dates:
06/30/2024 to 10/31/2026
Citation Author(s):
Ggaliwango
Marvin
Makerere University
Calvin
Kirabo
Makerere University
Edwin
Micheal Kibuuka
Makerere University
Derrick
Ahumuza
Makerere University
Nakayiza
Hellen
Muni University
Patricia Kirabo
Nakalembe
Makerere University
Submitted by:
GGALIWANGO MARVIN
Last updated:
Wed, 07/03/2024 - 02:30
DOI:
10.21227/rmtt-cj39
Data Format:
Links:
License:
Creative Commons Attribution

Abstract 

In the era of advanced artificial intelligence, the integration of emotional intelligence into AI systems has become crucial for developing Responsible Software Systems that are not only functional but also emotionally perceptive. The Microe dataset, a pioneering compilation focusing on micro-expressions, aims to revolutionize AI systems by enhancing their capability to recognize and interpret subtle emotional cues. This dataset encompasses over eight classes of common emotions, meticulously captured and categorized to aid in the synthesis and recognition of micro-expressions.

Our initiative fosters a competitive environment where participants are encouraged to employ advanced feature extraction techniques for the synthesis and recognition of micro-expressions. The competition emphasizes the creation of Responsible AI systems that are explainable, trustworthy, and inclusive. By leveraging this dataset, developers can build facial expression recognition systems that are generalizable and capable of operating across diverse demographic groups, thereby promoting inclusivity.

The ultimate goal is to drive the development of Emotion Recognition technologies that are embedded with ethical considerations, ensuring that AI systems are both technologically advanced and socially responsible. The Microe dataset serves as a cornerstone for this mission, providing a robust foundation for the development of AI systems that are emotionally intelligent and aligned with the principles of Responsible AI. This initiative underscores the importance of creating AI systems that are transparent, fair, and capable of understanding and responding to human emotions, paving the way for a future where AI systems are as empathetic as they are intelligent.

Instructions: 

Systems with Emotional Intelligence Using the Microe Dataset

1. Introduction

The Microe dataset is designed to help developers create AI systems capable of recognizing and interpreting micro-expressions, which are subtle and brief facial expressions that reveal genuine emotions. This document provides step-by-step instructions for using the Microe dataset to develop and test Responsible Software Systems with Emotional Intelligence. The process covers data modeling, data cleaning and preprocessing, feature extraction, applying attention-based mechanisms, building and evaluating models, model fusion with ensembling, Machine Learning Operations (MLOps), and deploying models in various fields.

2. Data Modeling

Objective: Understand and structure the Microe dataset for effective use.

  1. Download and Explore the Dataset:

    • Obtain the Microe dataset from IEEE Dataport.
    • Explore the dataset to understand its structure, classes, and features.
    • Visualize sample images and corresponding labels to get an overview of the data distribution.
  2. Data Annotation:

    • Ensure all images are correctly annotated with one of the eight emotion classes.
    • Verify the quality of annotations and make necessary corrections.
  3. Data Splitting:

    • Split the dataset into training, validation, and test sets (e.g., 70% training, 15% validation, 15% test).
    • Ensure balanced representation of all emotion classes in each split.

3. Data Cleaning and Preprocessing

Objective: Prepare the data for model training.

  1. Data Cleaning:

    • Remove any corrupted or low-quality images.
    • Normalize image sizes to a standard dimension (e.g., 224x224 pixels).
    • Convert images to grayscale if color is not a significant feature for your models.
  2. Data Augmentation:

    • Apply data augmentation techniques such as rotation, flipping, zooming, and cropping to increase dataset variability and improve model generalization.
  3. Normalization:

    • Normalize pixel values to a range suitable for model training (e.g., 0 to 1).

4. Feature Extraction

Objective: Extract relevant features from images for emotion recognition.

  1. Handcrafted Features:

    • Use feature extraction techniques such as Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG), Local Binary Patterns (LBP), or Gabor filters.
  2. Deep Learning Features:

    • Utilize pre-trained convolutional neural networks (CNNs) (e.g., VGG16, ResNet50) to extract deep features from images.
    • Fine-tune pre-trained models on the Microe dataset to adapt them to the specific task of micro-expression recognition.

5. Applying Attention-Based Mechanisms

Objective: Enhance model performance by focusing on critical parts of the image.

  1. Attention Layers:

    • Integrate attention mechanisms such as spatial attention or channel attention into your model architecture.
    • Experiment with self-attention and multi-head attention techniques to improve feature representation.
  2. Visualization:

    • Visualize attention maps to ensure the model focuses on relevant facial regions when making predictions.

6. Building and Evaluating Models

Objective: Train and evaluate models to recognize micro-expressions accurately.

  1. Model Architecture:

    • Design CNN architectures tailored to the micro-expression recognition task.
    • Experiment with different architectures and hyperparameters to optimize performance.
  2. Training:

    • Train models using the training set, validating performance on the validation set.
    • Use techniques like early stopping and learning rate scheduling to prevent overfitting.
  3. Evaluation:

    • Evaluate model performance on the test set using metrics such as accuracy, precision, recall, F1-score, and confusion matrix.
    • Analyze model performance across different emotion classes to identify any biases or weaknesses.

7. Model Fusion with Ensembling

Objective: Improve model robustness and accuracy through ensembling techniques.

  1. Ensemble Methods:

    • Combine predictions from multiple models using techniques like voting, averaging, or stacking.
    • Experiment with different ensemble strategies to find the best-performing combination.
  2. Evaluation:

    • Evaluate the ensemble model's performance on the test set and compare it with individual models.

8. Machine Learning Operations (MLOps)

Objective: Streamline the development, deployment, and monitoring of models.

  1. Version Control:

    • Use version control systems (e.g., Git) to track changes in code, data, and models.
  2. Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI/CD):

    • Set up CI/CD pipelines to automate the training, testing, and deployment of models.
    • Use tools like Jenkins, GitLab CI, or GitHub Actions for pipeline automation.
  3. Model Monitoring:

    • Implement monitoring tools to track model performance in real-time.
    • Set up alert systems to detect and respond to performance degradation or biases.

9. Deployment of Models

Objective: Deploy models in various Responsible Software Systems across different fields.

  1. Education:

    • Integrate emotion recognition models into e-learning platforms to provide personalized feedback and improve student engagement.
  2. Medicine:

    • Deploy models in telemedicine applications to assist healthcare professionals in assessing patients' emotional states during virtual consultations.
  3. Security:

    • Use emotion recognition models in security systems to detect suspicious behavior or stress in individuals.
  4. Customer Service:

    • Implement models in customer service applications to analyze customer emotions and improve service quality and satisfaction.

10. Conclusion

Developing and testing Responsible Software Systems with Emotional Intelligence using the Microe dataset requires a comprehensive approach, from data modeling to deployment. By following these detailed instructions, participants can create AI systems that are not only accurate and efficient but also ethical, transparent, and inclusive. This competition aims to foster innovation in the field of emotion recognition, driving the development of AI systems that understand and respond to human emotions responsibly and effectively.

Responsible Software Systems with Emotional Intelligence

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