Power distribution faults

This work presents a novel Anti-Islanding (AI) protection of Photovoltaic (PV) Systems based on monitoring the dc-link voltage of the PV inverter. A PV System equipped with AI protection like frequency relays, a rate of change of frequency (ROCOF) relay, and respectively the proposed dc-link voltage relay is simulated under the conditions of islanding and the detection time for all these AI techniques are compared. The study shows under which conditions our proposed dc-link voltage AI relay is the most efficient.