Two high-resolution bathymetry investigations of Lion City

Citation Author(s):
Submitted by:
Kai Zhang
Last updated:
Tue, 07/05/2022 - 22:52
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The geological and hydrological pressures were generally neglected primarily due to the challenging nature of the monitoring task in an underwater setting, particularly over a large-scale region. Using repeated multibeam sonar measurements, we developed an uncertainty-based approach for interpreting the geomorphic change of the Lion City, an ancient Chinese city that is submerged in Qiandao lake. Repeated topographic surveys with a 14-year interval coupled with underwater video and photography data revealed that instead of the anthropogenic and biochemical pressures, the instability of the hill slope adjacent to the city poses an imminent threat to the heritage.


Two high-resolution bathymetry investigations were conducted in the Lion City at a temporal interval of 14 years. The first topographic dataset were collected using a Simrad EM3000 MBES in May, 2002. In the data collection process, the DSM212 beacon-aided GPS technology was used for the horizontal positioning of the sonar.The second topographic dataset was collected using a Sonic 2024 MBES in May, 2015. The horizontal positioning information was provided by the differential GPS technology (centimeter accuracy).

Funding Agency: 
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 41830540).