Condition monitoring;permanent magnet synchronous motor;temperature estimation

To achieve improved multi-node temperature estimation with limited training data in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (PMSMs), a novel approach of a Lumped-Parameter Thermal Network (LPTN)-informed neural network is proposed in this paper. Firstly, the parameter and model uncertainties of third or higher-order LPTNs with global parameter identification for temperature estimation are systematically stated based on numerical analysis.