IEEE Brain Data Bank Hackathon at COMPSAC 2018 Conference

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07/24/2018
Abstract: 

Cognitive control is defined by a set of neural processes that allow us to interact with our complex environment in a goal-directed manner. Humans regularly challenge these control processes when attempting to simultaneously accomplish multiple goals (multitasking). It is clear that multitasking behavior has become ubiquitous in today's technologically dense world, and substantial evidence has accrued regarding multitasking difficulties and cognitive control deficits in our aging population.

Here we show that multitasking performance, as assessed with a custom-designed three-dimensional video game (NeuroRacer), exhibits a linear age-related decline from 20 to 79 years of age. By playing an adaptive version of NeuroRacer in multitasking training mode, older adults (60 to 85 years old) reduced multitasking costs compared to both an active control group and a no-contact control group, attaining levels beyond those achieved by untrained 20-year-old participants, with gains persisting for 6 months.

These findings highlight the robust plasticity of the prefrontal cognitive control system in the aging brain, and provide the first evidence, to our knowledge, of how a custom-designed video game can be used to assess cognitive abilities across the lifespan, evaluate underlying neural mechanisms, and serve as a powerful tool for cognitive enhancement.

Instructions: 

We invite teams (3-4 member teams) of data scientists, computer scientists, engineers, statisticians, analysts, and problem solvers to explore new patterns or knowledge from the given NeuroRacer datasets.  

You can develop data mashup scheme based on use cases to cross reference different datasets and apply statistical analysis, visualization, and machine learning tools to statistically analyze and develop predictive models for what changed between “shoot only or single tasking” and “drive & shoot or multi-tasking” from the EEG (electroencephalography) signals. Think outside the box and come up with innovative ideas that bring more value out of the data, or choose one or more of the following questions.

Beginner Challenge Questions:

- What are the strengths vs. limitations of the EEG technology? How do consumer-level EEG headsets compare to laboratory-grade equipment?

- What are the realistic EEG applications in daily life (automatic driving, interactive games, Internet Marketing, etc.)? Provide convincing prototypes (virtual or real).

- Try to conduct an event-related potential (ERP) analysis of the data in one or more conditions. How does this approach compare to that used in the Nature paper (i.e., ERSP-Event-Related Spectral Perturbation or time-frequency analysis)? Hint: check out the EEGLab and Fieldtrip tutorial

Advanced Challenge Questions:

-Try conducting an ICA decomposition analysis of the data (Hint: this is best done in EEGLab). How does this approach compare to that used in the Nature paper or the ERP analysis suggested above? What new information can we learn using this approach?

-Would a micro-state analysis be appropriate for the data? What new knowledge might we learn from such an approach?

-What advanced methods (e.g., deep learning, but also others) are available that would help predict post-game performance? Specifically by what mechanisms and by how much?

For more details, see https://bigdatawg.nist.gov/bdgmm_compsac2018v2.html


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Dataset Details

Citation Author(s):
J.A. Anguera, J. Boccanfuso, J.L. Rintoul, O. Al-Hashimi, F. Faraji, J. Janowich, E. Kong, Y.Larraburo, C. Rolle, E. Johnston and A. Gazzaley
Submitted by:
Sin Kuen Hawkins
Last updated:
Sat, 06/16/2018 - 00:22
DOI:
10.21227/H2P38M
 
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PDF icon Anguera-Nature-with-Supp.pdf13 MB
Package icon brain_sample.zip321.85 MB

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[1] J.A. Anguera, J. Boccanfuso, J.L. Rintoul, O. Al-Hashimi, F. Faraji, J. Janowich, E. Kong, Y.Larraburo, C. Rolle, E. Johnston and A. Gazzaley, "IEEE Brain Data Bank Hackathon at COMPSAC 2018 Conference", IEEE Dataport, 2018. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.21227/H2P38M. Accessed: Jun. 17, 2018.
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author = {J.A. Anguera; J. Boccanfuso; J.L. Rintoul; O. Al-Hashimi; F. Faraji; J. Janowich; E. Kong; Y.Larraburo; C. Rolle; E. Johnston and A. Gazzaley },
publisher = {IEEE Dataport},
title = {IEEE Brain Data Bank Hackathon at COMPSAC 2018 Conference},
year = {2018} }
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T1 - IEEE Brain Data Bank Hackathon at COMPSAC 2018 Conference
AU - J.A. Anguera; J. Boccanfuso; J.L. Rintoul; O. Al-Hashimi; F. Faraji; J. Janowich; E. Kong; Y.Larraburo; C. Rolle; E. Johnston and A. Gazzaley
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J.A. Anguera, J. Boccanfuso, J.L. Rintoul, O. Al-Hashimi, F. Faraji, J. Janowich, E. Kong, Y.Larraburo, C. Rolle, E. Johnston and A. Gazzaley. (2018). IEEE Brain Data Bank Hackathon at COMPSAC 2018 Conference. IEEE Dataport. http://dx.doi.org/10.21227/H2P38M
J.A. Anguera, J. Boccanfuso, J.L. Rintoul, O. Al-Hashimi, F. Faraji, J. Janowich, E. Kong, Y.Larraburo, C. Rolle, E. Johnston and A. Gazzaley, 2018. IEEE Brain Data Bank Hackathon at COMPSAC 2018 Conference. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.21227/H2P38M.
J.A. Anguera, J. Boccanfuso, J.L. Rintoul, O. Al-Hashimi, F. Faraji, J. Janowich, E. Kong, Y.Larraburo, C. Rolle, E. Johnston and A. Gazzaley. (2018). "IEEE Brain Data Bank Hackathon at COMPSAC 2018 Conference." Web.
1. J.A. Anguera, J. Boccanfuso, J.L. Rintoul, O. Al-Hashimi, F. Faraji, J. Janowich, E. Kong, Y.Larraburo, C. Rolle, E. Johnston and A. Gazzaley. IEEE Brain Data Bank Hackathon at COMPSAC 2018 Conference [Internet]. IEEE Dataport; 2018. Available from : http://dx.doi.org/10.21227/H2P38M
J.A. Anguera, J. Boccanfuso, J.L. Rintoul, O. Al-Hashimi, F. Faraji, J. Janowich, E. Kong, Y.Larraburo, C. Rolle, E. Johnston and A. Gazzaley. "IEEE Brain Data Bank Hackathon at COMPSAC 2018 Conference." doi: 10.21227/H2P38M