collision detection

Collision detection (CD) is a key capability of carrier sense multiple access (CSMA) based medium access control (MAC) protocol. Applying CD, the transmitter can abort transmission immediately so that the power can be saved. This technique does not need the peer receiver to give feedback on whether there is a packet collision, and hence, the overall overhead is significantly low. The challenge, however, is to operate in transmit time and instantly detect the week colliding signal in the presence of strong self-interference (SI).