A Center of Mass Estimation and Control Strategy for Body-Weight-Support Treadmill Training
Walking disorders are common in post-stroke. Body weight support (BWS) systems have been proposed and proven to enhance gait training systems for recovering in individuals with hemiplegia. However, the fixed weight support and walking speed increase the risk of falling and decrease the active participation of the subjects. This paper proposes a strategy to enhance the efficiency of BWS treadmill training. It consists in regulating the height of the BWS system to track the height of the subject’s center of mass (CoM), whereby the CoM is estimated through a long-short term memory (LSTM) network and a locomotion recognition system. The LSTM network takes the walking speed, body-height to leg-length ratio, hip and knee joint angles of the hemiplegic subjects’ non-paretic side from the locomotion recognition system as input signals and outputs the CoM height to a BWS treadmill training robot. Besides, the hip and knee joints’ ranges of motion are increased by 34.54% and 25.64% under the CoM height regulation compared to the constant weight support, respectively. With the CoM height regulation strategy, the stance phase duration of the paretic side is significantly increased by 14.6% of the gait cycle, and the symmetry of the gait is also promoted. The CoM height kinematics by adjustment strategy is in good agreement with the mean values of the 14 non-disabled subjects, which demonstrated that the adjustment strategy improves the stability of CoM height during the training.
Supplementary materials for A Center of Mass Estimation and Control Strategy for Body-Weight-Support Treadmill Training