The performance of a novel ultra-compact Artificial Magnetic Conductor (AMC)-backed Twin Arrow antenna, operative in the 24 GHz frequency band, have been test for an electronic travel aid (ETA) system. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) techniques for high-resolution electromagnetic imaging have been implemented by taking advantage of the natura movement of the user’s body. Experimental measurements for electronic travel aid purposes were conducted by generating electromagnetic images of the surrounding environment. The antenna is moved by means of simple arm swings.
The effect of phase changes along the antenna radiation pattern beamwidth and bandwidth on synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging is evaluated by means of electromagnetic simulations. Electromagnetic images have been obtained in order to characterize the effect of the non-uniform phase of the antenna radiation pattern on this type of measurements. Three different situations have been analyzed: i) phase variations across the angular range, ii) nonlinear phase shift across the working frequency band and iii) antenna phase center shift across the bandwidth.