This study introduces a significant advancement in vehicle classification, addressing the challenge of limited annotated datasets compliant with Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) guidelines. We present a novel benchmark dataset meticulously curated from various sources to capture variations in time, resolution, camera position, and weather conditions. With a total of 17,174 annotated instances across 7,980 frames, this dataset offers a remarkable granularity for vehicle classification, making this study the first of its kind, to the best of the author’s knowledge.