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First Name: 
Roberto
Last Name: 
Burro

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We investigated whether thinking in opposites can facilitate the solution process in Wason’s rule discovery task. Participants were exposed to three conditions: training prompting an analysis of the properties characterising the initial seed triple; training prompting the same action but subsequently demanding the identification of the opposites of each property and using it in the testing phase; and a no-prompt condition. Thinking in opposites turned out to be beneficial, almost doubling success rate.

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210 Views

The study investigates the relationship between people’s personality and the types of hats they like and would be willing to wear. The question is of interest for the psychology of personality and aesthetic preferences, empirical aesthetics, and potentially also for marketing studies. 539 Italian adults completed an on-line questionnaire showing black and white images of 34 iconic types of hat (set 1) and 8 types of baseball caps (set 2) one at a time. For each hat, they were asked to rate how much they liked it and how likely it was that they would wear it.

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140 Views

The Big Five Inventory-2 (BFI-2) is one of the most used questionnaires to assess personality traits, distinguishing 15 facets. Despite its usage, there is still room for research to improve its psychometric properties. We applied the Rasch analysis (RA) to transform the BFI-2 into an instrument consisting of actual interval scales (obtaining the BFI-2-R), involving 5362 Italian adults. Five confirmatory factor analyses supported the three-facet structure of each trait. This structure resulted invariant at the scalar level across sex.

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136 Views

After considering the pervasiveness of same/different relationships in Psychology and the experimental evidence of their perceptual foundation in Psychophysics and Infant and Comparative Psychology, the paper develops its main argument. Similarity and diversity do not complete the panorama since opposition constitutes a third relationship which is distinct from the other two. There is evidence of this in previous literature investigating the perceptual basis of opposition and in the results of the two new studies presented in this paper.

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459 Views

Psychological Consequences of a Pandemic Event” (PCPE) questionnaire

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119 Views

Training people to think in opposites facilitates the falsification process in Wason’s rule discovery task.

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96 Views

Italian validation of the situational Brief Cope Scale (I-Brief Cope)

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141 Views

Testing Australian standard consumers’ understanding of the language used to describe wine

 

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130 Views

We investigate the naïve idea of adults relating to opposite processes.

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69 Views

We investigate the naïve idea of adults relating to two opposite processes shown by means of iconic stimuli. 

 

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101 Views