Measurement and Simulation of Human Sitting and Standing Movement Biomechanics

Measurement and Simulation of Human Sitting and Standing Movement Biomechanics

Citation Author(s):
Brokoslaw
Laschowski
University of Waterloo
Reza
Sharif Razavian
Imperial College London
John
McPhee
University of Waterloo
Submitted by:
Brock Laschowski
Last updated:
Wed, 07/08/2020 - 20:20
DOI:
10.21227/ky0b-fe94
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Abstract: 

Although regenerative actuators can extend the operating durations of robotic lower-limb exoskeletons and prostheses, these energy-efficient powertrains have been exclusively designed and evaluated for level-ground walking. Here we analyzed the lower-limb joint mechanical power during stand-to-sit movements using inverse dynamic simulations to estimate the biomechanical energy available for electrical regeneration during activities more representative of aging and rehabilitation populations. Nine subjects performed 20 sitting and standing movements while lower-limb kinematics and ground reaction forces were measured. Subject-specific body segment parameters were estimated using parameter identification, whereby differences in ground reaction forces and moments between the experimental measurements and inverse dynamic simulations were minimized. Joint mechanical power was calculated from net joint torques and rotational velocities and numerically integrated over time to determine joint biomechanical energy. The hip generated the largest peak negative mechanical power (1.8 ± 0.5 W/kg), followed by the knee (0.8 ± 0.3 W/kg) and ankle (0.2 ± 0.1 W/kg). Negative mechanical work from the hip, knee, and ankle joints per stand-to-sit movement were 0.35 ± 0.06 J/kg, 0.15 ± 0.08 J/kg, and 0.02 ± 0.01 J/kg, respectively. Assuming an 80-kg person and previously published regenerative actuator efficiencies (i.e., maximum 63%), robotic lower-limb exoskeletons and prostheses could theoretically regenerate ~26 Joules of electrical energy while sitting down, compared to ~19 Joules from level-ground walking. Given that these regeneration performance calculations are based on healthy young adults, future research should involve seniors and/or rehabilitation patients to better estimate the biomechanical energy available for electrical regeneration among individuals with mobility impairments. 

Reference: Laschowski B, Razavian RS, and McPhee J. (2020). Simulation of Stand-to-Sit Biomechanics for Design of Lower-Limb Exoskeletons and Prostheses with Energy Regeneration. Under Review.

 

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[1] Brokoslaw Laschowski, Reza Sharif Razavian, John McPhee, "Measurement and Simulation of Human Sitting and Standing Movement Biomechanics ", IEEE Dataport, 2019. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.21227/ky0b-fe94. Accessed: Jul. 12, 2020.
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doi = {10.21227/ky0b-fe94},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.21227/ky0b-fe94},
author = {Brokoslaw Laschowski; Reza Sharif Razavian; John McPhee },
publisher = {IEEE Dataport},
title = {Measurement and Simulation of Human Sitting and Standing Movement Biomechanics },
year = {2019} }
TY - DATA
T1 - Measurement and Simulation of Human Sitting and Standing Movement Biomechanics
AU - Brokoslaw Laschowski; Reza Sharif Razavian; John McPhee
PY - 2019
PB - IEEE Dataport
UR - 10.21227/ky0b-fe94
ER -
Brokoslaw Laschowski, Reza Sharif Razavian, John McPhee. (2019). Measurement and Simulation of Human Sitting and Standing Movement Biomechanics . IEEE Dataport. http://dx.doi.org/10.21227/ky0b-fe94
Brokoslaw Laschowski, Reza Sharif Razavian, John McPhee, 2019. Measurement and Simulation of Human Sitting and Standing Movement Biomechanics . Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.21227/ky0b-fe94.
Brokoslaw Laschowski, Reza Sharif Razavian, John McPhee. (2019). "Measurement and Simulation of Human Sitting and Standing Movement Biomechanics ." Web.
1. Brokoslaw Laschowski, Reza Sharif Razavian, John McPhee. Measurement and Simulation of Human Sitting and Standing Movement Biomechanics [Internet]. IEEE Dataport; 2019. Available from : http://dx.doi.org/10.21227/ky0b-fe94
Brokoslaw Laschowski, Reza Sharif Razavian, John McPhee. "Measurement and Simulation of Human Sitting and Standing Movement Biomechanics ." doi: 10.21227/ky0b-fe94